William Hanson
1970 -71

I was there 70-71. That was the year we lost a generator at top camp, water and the sewage system froze up. Poop in a can what was done. My job as driver was to get the mail, diesel fuel , and people to top camp. One time I ran into a white out at 6 mile couldn't go anywhere for 4 hours before it broke. The dozer had to get me and my truck full of people out. Some of my stories could go on forever. Sure was glad to see Wieny bird bring in the mail, and the chopper that came when it was my turn to leave. figmo.




 1.My 5 ton and runway in background. Taken almost at Longford switch, hairpin turn. 2. C-124 supply plane at turnaround at end of runway. 708 AC&W Indian Mtn. was the only uphill runway and the pilot hated it. 3. Me going for a walk. There was a 2 people policy and we had to have a gun. 4. The Thanksgiving meal they gave us. 5. One of the few happy times at the mountain. USO Tour. 6. Caribou at Eight Mile Indian Mtn. This was one of their travel routes. 7. A moose someone shot. 8.Top Camp fuel and water storage tanks. 9. My truck at the bus stop. Outside the orderly room/ mail room area. 10. White Alice Top Camp, Indian Mtn.

 1. Utopia Creek. Old gold digging town west of the radar site. 2. Runway at Bottom Camp, Indian Mtn. Taken from Langford Switch, hairpin turn. 3. Caribou crossing road at 3 1/2 mile. 4. One of the two moose I chased to Bottom Camp. This one turned on me. 5. Top Camp taken from eight mile flats. 6. Top camp taken at 8 mile flats.

 1. Sec. Seomens, Gen. Cunningham, Capt Peterson, and me at Indian Mtn. 2. Utopia Creek panning for gold. We did maintenance on the road during summer time. 3.Saddle and Shift Bay, Indian Mnt. AFS, Alaska.

 1. Bottom Camp runway from 3 mile point. 2. Power plant and power lines, Indian Mnt. AFS, Alaska. 3. New radome at Top Camp.


Friday, February 12, 1971 Sourdough Sentinel

Saga at Indian Mountain

The old adage that "misery comes in threes" gained some credence recently at Indian Mountain Air Force Station when the forces of nature began a chain reaction which beset station personnel with a triplet of major problems.
Indian Mountain, one of Alaskan Air Command's remote radar stations, is located in the desolate Alaskan interior about 165 miles northwest of Fairbanks. It is home for the 708th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, part of the North American Air Defense Command's web of early warning stations.
The station is divided into two areas: "top camp," atop the 4,200 foot peak consists of three radar towers, troop housing, an operations building and a standby power plant. "Bottom camp," about 12 miles away, provides electricity and supplies. The station's gravel air strip is also there.
Between the two camps, about a quarter-mile down the mountain, stands top camp's only water supply - a 1.2 million gallon tank and pump house. This is where their problems began.
Top camp became isolated because of extremely high winds and blowing snow. While the men were "imprisoned" by the weather, high winds blew open a door to the pump house.
With a wind-chill factor approaching 100 degrees below zero, the pump house's heat was quickly lost. Everything inside was soon frozen, and top camp's water supply was completely shut off.
The second major problem began a few hours later. Station engineers detected trouble somewhere along the power line running up from bottom camp. Unable to withstand outside weather to investigate the source of either problem, the station was forced to switch to emergency power.
The following day, with no water, top camp's two boilers atomatically shut down. Again emergency procedures were begun to overcome the problem.
Snow became the only water source. Using what water could be obtained from melted snow, the boilers were manually pumped. This didn't solve the heating problem. The men at top camp were soon wearing their special Arctic weather gear inside.
After nearly a week, the weather cleared enough to allow investigation of the water supply problem. The next day a portable heater was installed in the pumphouse, and the frozen pipes and valves were thawed by evening.
But another problem had arisen. One of four 7-ton diesel generators providing emergency power broke down, threatening top camp with a complete power loss. Top camp's manning was reduced to a skeleton force. Power consumption was cut to a bare minimum.
Severe weather again returned and brought still more problems. The portable heater in the pump house failed. All the plumbing fixtures were frozen again.
Informed of the rapidly deteriorating situation at Indian Mountain, Col. Albert M. Doherty, commander of the 21st Civil Engineering Squadron at Elmendorf AFB, alerted technicians from one of his mobile engineering teams.
Several attemps to aid the men were unsuccessful. Engineers aboard a C-124 Globemaster were unable to land on the gravel strip.
Several days later three plumbing specialists, a lineman and their hand tools were flown into the station aboard an H-3 from the 5040th Helicopter Squadron. The weather cleared enough to allow inspection of the power lines and repairs were made on two loose connections. Power returned to normal at the summit.
Investigation of the pump house revealed another problem to overcome. Although every fitting inside the shelter had frozen, the waterline leading from the tank was still open. An attempt to replace the frozen and cracked shut-off valve inside the pump house would leave the tank free to dump top camp's only water supply.
The plumbers agreed the solution would be to turn off electicity to the outside pipe heater and let part of the lead-on pipe to freeze to form an ice block. Nature again interfered. Before the water was able to freeze again, the temperature rose. The water wouldn't freeze.
This development left only one solution - plug the pipe from inside the tank. And so a unique event took place at the isolated station.
A professional scubadiver was helicoptered in from Anchorage. Suited up in his gear, he dived into the tank and plugged the pipe.
The water is continually circulated and slightly heated so it won't freeze.
With the tank plugged, the plumbers repaired and replaced the essential pumps, pipes and valves. The divers jumped back into the tank and removed the plug; but when the water was turned on, it was discovered several fittings at top camp had also frozen and cracked. Once again the diver cut off the water supply while repairs were made.
After two weeks without adequate water, proper sewage facilities or sufficient heat, repairs finally were complete and top camp was back to normal.
In the meantime, a replacement generator, which was too heavy to be hauled by helicopter, and three diesel engine specialists were trying to reach the station. After many attempts by a C-124 to land at Indian Mountain, the men and most of their equipment were landed at Galena AFS. Finally they were shuttled to the mountain in three chopper trips while the lightened Globemaster finally landed at bottom camp and unloaded the generator.
The problem of getting the generator to top camp still remained. The only means available was a tractor-towed sled. Severe weather struck the next day postponing the trip up the mountainside. After two days of blizzard, the weather broke and the generator was hauled up the mountain in a three-hour trip. The machine was quickly installed, and Indian Mountain was again completely prepared for its radar mission.
Reflecting on the trying experience, Maj. Paul J. Desroches, the station's commander, held nothing but praise for his men. "I'm extremely proud of all of them," he said. "They displayed a fine spirit and high degree of professionalism throughout the difficulties. The fact that the station passed a no-notice operational readiness inspection with flying colors during this period is proof of the outstanding caliber of their work," he emphasized.
The saga at Indian Mountain is over now. Their mission goes on. Although faced with hardships and severe Arctic weather, the mountaineers continue to provide "top cover for America."